An intergovernmental organization says water levels in the Mekong River have dropped to “worrying levels” since the start of 2021.
The drop was partly caused by a restriction on flows from a hydropower plant in China’s Yunnan province, the Mekong River Commission (MRC) said in a recent statement. The MRC includes Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.
The important waterway has turned blue along the Thai-Laos border -- from its usual cloudy brown color -- signaling lower water and reduced levels of sediment. Lower levels of sediment could be the result of outflow restrictions from China’s Jinghong hydropower station, the organization said.
The statement said other reasons for the drop were lower rainfall, flow changes upstream and hydropower operations in Mekong tributaries.
“There have been sudden rises and falls in water levels immediately downstream of Jinghong and further down to Vientiane,” said Winai Wongpimool. He is the director of the MRC’s Technical Support Division.
Such changes can affect fish migration, agriculture and transportation that nearly 70 million people depend on for financial support and food security.
“To help the Lower Mekong countries manage risks more effectively, we call on China and the Lower Mekong countries themselves to share their water release plans with us,” Winai said.
The MRC said normal conditions could return if large amounts of water are released from Chinese dams.
China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs disputed the organization’s findings and said there are many causes of downstream drought.
Last year, China promised to share data from its dam projects with MRC member countries. In January, Chinese officials informed neighbors that its dams were filling reservoirs until January 25.
The MRC said outflow levels at Jinghong Dam were 785 cubic meters per second in early January, before rising to 1,400 cubic meters per second in mid-January.
However, levels dropped again in February and were 800 cubic meters per second as of February 11, the MRC said.
China said the dam’s outflow has continually been more than 1,000 cubic meters per second since the end of January. It said that level is nearly two times more than the natural flow of the river. It called on the MRC “to avoid causing public misunderstanding.”